glossary of halal ingredients

INDEX:abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyza

Acetic Acid
Ammonium Chloride
Ammonium Sulfate
Antioxidants – Chemical compounds used to protect certain food components from being destroyed or lost through oxidation.
Aspartame – A sweetener.
Ascorbic Acid – Also known as Vitamin C, its source is plant, usually citrus.

b

Benzoate/Benzoic Acid – A preservative.
Biotin – A member of the B complex vitamins.
BHA – An antioxidant, preservative.
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BHT – An antioxidant, preservative.

c

Calcium Carbonate
Calcium Sulfate
Carrageenan
Citric Acid – Sources are generally citrus plants, such as orange, lemon and lime.
Cobalamine – Synthetically prepared Vitamin B12.
Cocoa Butter
Corn Starch
Corn Syrup

d

Dextrin/Dextrose – An emulsifying, sizing, and thickening agent.
Dicalcium Phosphate

e

EDTA
Ergocalciferol
Ergosterol

f

Ferrous Sulfate – Iron.
Fiber – Dietary roughage from plant sources.
Fructose – Fruit sugar.
Fungal Protease Enzyme

g

Glucose
Gluten – Protein found in wheat and rye.
Gum Acacia

h

Hydrogenated oil – Vegetable oil which has been hydrogenated so it will remain solid at room temperature.
Hydrolized Vegetable Protein

i

Iodine – A nutrient commonly added to salt.

jkl

Leavening
Lecithin – Emulsifier of fat. In the USA, sources are mainly soybean and egg yolk.
Lipids – Essential fatty acids found in fish, plant and animals. If source is animal, it is suspect.

m

Malt – A type of fermented grain.
Malto Dextrin
Molasses – Syrup obtained in sugar refinement process.
Monocalcium Phosphate
Mono Saccharides
Mono Sodium Glutamate – Commonly referred to as MSG, it is used for flavor enhancement.

n

Nitrates/Nitrites
Nonfat Dry Milk

o

Olive Oil – Made by crushing the olives and extracting the oil. Olive oil is graded according to acidity and processing method. If possible, always use extra virgin or fine virgin grades.
Oxalic Acid – Should be considered suspect.

p

PABA – A food supplement.
Partially Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil
Pectin -A gelatinous substance extracted from fruits.
Phosphoric Acid
Potassium Benzoate
Potassium Bromate
Potassium Citrate
Propionate
Propionic acid – A preservative.

q

Qatar – Sugar syrup used in pastries.

r

Riboflavin – One of the B complex vitamins. The source is usually synthetic.

s

Saccharine
Salt
Sodium Benzoate – See “Benzoic Acid”.
Samna – Clarified butter.
Semolina or Smeed – Made from the starchy part of hard wheat. It comes in coarse, medium or fine grain.
Sesame – The seeds grow in pods and have a nutty, sweet flavor. Before using, toast in a dry skillet over medium heat, stirring constantly.
Shouraba – Soup.
Soy Protein
Soybean Oil
Sumac – Ground dried berries from the sumac tree. Adds a pleasantly acidic taste to spice blends.
Sucrose

t

Tapioca – Used for thickening.
Thiamin – One of the B complex vitamins.
Tricalcium Phosphate

uv

Vegetable shortening – When label states “Pure Vegetable Shortening” or “100% Vegetable Shortening” the source is plant and therefore halal.
Vinegar
Vitamin A – If source are plant and synthetic, it is halal.
Vitamin C – See “Ascorbic Acid”.
Vitamin D – Natural sources are yeast and fish liver oil. Also produced synthetically.
Vitamin E – Rich halal sources of Vitamin E are vegetable oils. When source is synthetic, it is also halal. When source is animal, it is suspected.

wxy

Yeast – Microscopic, unicellular, fungal plant used for fermentation process and in leavening baking bread.

z

Food labels can be confusing. So here are some of commonly used ingredients which have been identified as halal. For more information, please download the paper, “Guidelines for the Preparation of Halal Food and Goods for the Muslim Consumers,” very generously contributed by the esteemed Dr. Ahmad Robin Wahab.